The Rare Breed Survival Trust has five criteria for rare breeds, based upon how many registered breeding females there are left. The criteria vary for each type of animal.
NB: A cow is a female who has had a calf and she is called a heifer before she has had a calf. Adult males are called bulls.
With only 750 to 1500 registered breeding cows, the British White is in the Minority Class.
British White Cows have direct links with the ancient wild white cattle of Great Britain, notably from the park at Whalley Abbey in Lancashire. They date back to the sixteenth century.
The British White Cows at Odds Farm Park are all in our active breeding program.
No surprises here! Children on a day out can identify British White Cows by their white hair (although unusually they have black skin underneath). Their ears, muzzle, eyelids, feet and teats, have black, or occasionally brownish-red, points.
A cow does not bite the grass but curls her tongue around it and cows eat about 90 pounds of nutritious food a day. This is equivalent in weight to 206 baked potatoes or 1440 slices of bread!
Belted Galloway Cows are no longer classified as a rare breed. Following the foot and mouth crisis of the early 2000’s their numbers were devastated, however, since then the breed has recovered and they were removed from The Rare Breed Survival Trust watch list in 2007.
Belted Galloways were first officially recorded in 1852 and originated on the exposed uplands of Galloway in Scotland. Whilst the origin of the white belt around their mid-riff is unknown, it’s generally assumed they were cross bred with Dutch Belted cattle.
In the early 2000’s, Odds Farm Park helped to boost their numbers. Today, they remain at Odds Farm Park for their distinctive appearance.
On a day out, the Belted Galloway Cows are very easy to spot for children. They are black or dun from head to toe, apart from a thick white strip that encircles their entire body.
A cow can weigh between 1400-2000 pounds or 636-909 kilos – about the size of 10 grown men.
The Highland Cow is not a rare breed.
The Highland breed of cattle was developed in Western Scotland. Written records go back to the 18th Century, but it is thought the breed were around before this time.
Whilst not rare, the appearance of Highland Cattle makes them the UK’s most distinctive breed for children to see. They are bound to fall in love with them!
Children can identify Highland Cattle at Odds Farm Park by their long, thick, shaggy coat of rich ginger hair and their majestic sweeping horns. They look extremely cuddly and shouldn’t be missed on a day out. At Odds Farm Park we have a mother and daughter.
Cows drink between 25-50 gallons of water each day. That’s nearly a bathtub full!
Jersey Cows are not classed as rare.
There are no prizes for guessing that the Jersey Cow was originally bred within the Channel Island of Jersey. It descended from cattle stock brought over from France and was first recorded as a separate breed around 1700.
Jersey Cows have a very gentle nature and are used for the Cow Milking Demonstrations at Odds Farm Park, a great activity for children to watch on their day out. Jersey cows are recognised for their superior quality milk.
During a day out, children can identify Jersey Cows by their light brown silky coat. They also have the most amazing beautiful dark eyes.
An average cow that is milked twice daily produces about ten gallons of milk a day. It takes about 1.5 gallons of milk to make one gallon of ice cream!